Our Research

  • Combat Instruction for the Panzer Grenadier, A Collection of Lessons for the Recruit Instructor to Guide the Combat Instruction in the Context of the Armored and Unarmored Squad with 2 light MG, Helmut von Wehren, Major and Commander of a Training Division, January 1944, translated by John Baum.
    SUMMARY: This manual was hastily published in January 1944 as a supplement to the Ausbildungsvorschrift für die Infanterie, Heft 2a (German Army Basic Infantry Instruction). Specifically adapted for Panzergrenadier units equipped with 2 light machine guns, readers gain a unique perspective on the development of small unit tactics and the implementation of two machine guns in a single Gruppe. This manual forms the foundation of our understanding of small unit tactics and is available for purchase here
  • Der Vergangenheit Auf Der Spur: 3 Fallschirmjäger Division. 1943-1945, Fritz Roppelt, Eigenverlag, 1993.
    SUMMARY: An out of print book authored by Fritz Roppelt who served in Fallsch.Gr.Wrf.Btl 3 (3. Mortar Battalion) and chronolized the events of the 3. Fallschirmjäger Division from 1943-1945. A treasure trove of information, the book contains the names of everyone who served with the Division during his time and their ultimate fates. It also contains original source documents such as weapons inventories (exact weapon counts for specific months), original tactical maps, and out of print Ausbildungs manuals for airborne operations.  Despite its steep price, FJR 2 is proud to have this novelty in our library.
  • Die Geschichte des Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 2 7 1939 bis 1945, Willi Kammann, Im Selbstverlag der Herausgeber (self-published), 1987.
    SUMMARY: This book is a chronological log of the Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 2. It details every significant event that entailed the Regiment’s participation. The book examines the unique journey of the Regiment; from Poland, Holland, Crete, Russia, Africa, Italy, France to its surrender in Germany. 
  • Fallschirm-Jäger. Dir. EK Beltzig, Terra Filmkunst, 1939.
    SUMMARY: This video briefly overviews the airborne training received over the span of  the four weeks in the early years of the war. Very few documentation exists today about the school, and the film provides an insight to  rigorous and dangerous training.
  • Fallschirm-Jäger Kompanie Friedensstärkenachweisung (Luftw.) 05223 (L) 1.6.1939, Oberkommando der Luftwaffe, 1939.
    SUMMARY: The Kriegsstärkenachweisung (KStN) was a standard document promulgated by the Oberkommado des Heeres (OKH) detailing the manning and equipment of German units. Similar to a TO&E used by the British and American armies, the KsTN was a document that detailed the desired state of the specified unit. This particular document lists the ideal manning and equipment of a Fallschirmjäger Kompanie in 1939. At this time, Fallschirmjäger Gruppen was composed of 12 soldiers who were all jump qualified. This changed as the war continued. 
  • German Combat in Woods, Intelligence Bulletin, April 1943.
    SUMMARY: This document contains a translated list of lessons learned by German units from combat in woods. It details how small unit leaders should conduct offensives and organize defenses in the woods. Although it was retrieved from the Eastern Front, these lessons were most certainly used in the hedgerows and forests of the Lowland countries. 
  • German Squad Tactics in WWII, Matthew Gajkowski, The Nafziger Collection, Inc. 1st ed. 1995.
    SUMMARY: An English translation of Ausbildungsvorschrift für die Infanterie, Heft 2a. The book teaches the basics of German small unit infantry tactics.
  • Handbook on German Military Forces, U.S. War Department Technical Manual TM-E 30-451, March 1945, translated.
    SUMMARY: A translated manual of a captured Germany Company Officer’s handbook from 1943, it was disseminated amongst the U.S. Army Officers for study. Originally published by the US War Department as a Restricted manual, this is for the US Army Company officer to help them understand various facets of the German Army. It also included detailed information on German small unit infantry tactics. 
  • Instruction Manual for the Infantry, Vol. 2a, H.Dv. 130/2a, March 16, 1941, reprint/corrections 1942, translation by John Baum.
    SUMMARY: The book teaches the basics of German small unit infantry tactics. An absolute must read for those newly introduced the German tactics. This book is the crux for understanding German military tactical development in World War II. 
  • Instruction Manual for the Panzer Troops, Vol. 1, H.Dv. 298/3a, August 5, 1944, translation by John Baum.
    SUMMARY: This manual is a leadership guide for Panzergrenadier Battalion Commanders. It details operational procedures, communications, and large scale unit tactics. 
  • Kriegsstärkenachweisung (KStN) 8121 (L) Fallsch.Jg.Kp 01.05.44, Oberkommando der Luftwaffe, 1944.
    SUMMARY: Largely lost to the public, this KStN is only available through private means. We recommend privately contacting Christoph Awender, author of WWIIdaybyday.com, to view the document. This document specifies that the Fallschirmjäger Kompanie was composed of 10 Fallschirmjäger. Each gruppe was armed with 2 MGs, 2 MPis, 4 Rifles (2 Rifle-grenade launchers). 
  • Merkblatt für die Ausbildung im Nahkampf, D103, Die Reichsdruckerei  (Reich Print Shop), January 6, 1937,  translation by John Baum.
    SUMMARY: A small data sheet that provides details on close quarters combat drills, target practice, and kill house setups.
  • Nahkampf: Männer gegen Männer, Lehrfilm Nr. 480, Oberkommando des Heeres, Summer 1943.
    SUMMARY:  A video on how German infantry platoons should execute a textbook assault on enemy positions. The tactical dictum championed the use of the bayonet to finish the enemy. Here we see a German infantry platoon demonstrate an assault on Soviet Army forces in a forest. The video teaches viewers how to close the distance from ranged to melee combat.
  • Panzergrenadierzug im Hauptkampffeld, Lehrfilm Nr. 480, Oberkommando des Heeres, Summer 1944.
     As the war continued, the Fallschirmjäger gradually developed into highly mobile infantry formation. Indeed, jump operations continued throughout the war (in various scales), but they would never conduct an airborne operation comparable to Operation Mercury (Battle of Crete). Well-equipped and highly trained, they frequently augmented Panzergrenadier formations on every front. We can intelligently assume that as formations used to augment the SS-Panzergrenadiers, they adopted much of their tactics. For instance, Fallschirmjäger and panzergrenadier formations both used two light machine guns per squad. At Normandy, Arnhem, and at the Battle of the Bulge, Fallschirmjäger units frequently rode on SS-Panzers and Sd.Kfz. (half-tracks) into battle.  This video provides a perspective on what later war tactics may have looked like for Fallschirmjäger units operating alongside mechanized units.

  • Reconnaissance Units (German), Intelligence Bulletin, November 1942.
    SUMMARY: A brief advisory provided to American units composed of captured manuals on German reconnoitering methods.